A case study analysis demonstrates how theoretical material is applied in practice. What is a case study analysis? This method is an educational tool that allows you to apply theoretical knowledge to solve practical problems. With this method, students have the opportunity to demonstrate and improve analytical and evaluation skills, learn how to work in a team, and find the most rational solution to the problem posed.
How to Write a Case Study Analysis
In order to understand how to write a case study analysis, it is necessary to become familiar with the main types of case study papers.
Problem analysis is based on the concept of the problem; assumes an awareness of nature, specifics of a particular problem, and ways to solve it. Causal analysis is based on causality. It involves the determination of the causes that led to the situation and the consequences of its deployment.
The pragmatic analysis implies the comprehension of one or another object, process, or phenomenon from the point of view of more efficient use in practical life (diagnosing the content of an activity in a situation, its modeling, and optimization).
Situational analysis is of particular importance when using the case-study method. This type of analysis is based on a set of techniques and methods for understanding the situation, its structure, determining factors, development trends, etc.
The prognostic case study analysis paper assumes not the development, but the use of models of the future and ways to achieve it. This analysis boils down to predictive diagnostics, finding out the degree of compliance of the phenomenon or process being analyzed to the future.
Case Study Analysis Format
Case study analysis format is based on the consistent implementation of these steps.
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- The first stage is acquaintance with the text of a business case study and its features.
- The second stage is the identification of facts pointing to the problem, the selection of the main issues, determining factors and personalities that can influence the situation. The third stage is building a hierarchy of problems.
- The fourth stage is the generation of solutions to the problem. It is possible to conduct a brainstorming session.
- The fifth stage is the assessment of each alternative decision and the analysis of the consequences of making a decision.
- The sixth stage lies in making a final decision, for example, a list of actions or a sequence of actions.
- The seventh stage is the presentation of individual or group decisions and a general discussion. Use this case study analysis template to write successful papers.
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Guidlines for Case Study Analysis Writing
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How to analyze a case study? Here are some useful student tips for you. The acquaintance of students with the text of the case and the subsequent analysis of the case can be carried out in advance (several days before its discussion) as an independent work of learners.
The general scheme of work with the case at the stage of analysis can be presented as follows. First of all, it is necessary to identify the key problems of the case and understand which of the data presented is important for the solution. Explore the situational context of the case, determine who its main actors are, select the information necessary for analysis, and understand what difficulties may arise in solving the problem. The maximum benefit from case studies will be gained if students follow a systematic approach to their analysis, the main steps of which are presented below.
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- Write out the key ideas in order to refresh the theoretical concepts and approaches that you may use to analyze the case.
- Read the case task briefly to get a general idea of it.
- Read the questions and make sure that you understand what you are asked to do.
- Re-read the text of the case, identifying all factors or problems related to the questions posed.
- Consider what ideas and concepts are related to the problems that you are invited to consider when working with the case.
You should adhere to some writing principles to create a successful analysis of cases. Use the knowledge gained during the lecture course; carefully read the case to familiarize yourself with the information available. When conducting a written analysis of the case, remember that the main requirement for it is brevity.
Presentation of Case Analysis Results
The presentation of the results is a very important element of this method. As usual, two types of presentations are used. They are oral (public) and written report-presentation. A public presentation involves describing of case decisions to the group. Oral presentation requires good public speaking skills, such as the ability to present the information briefly yet clearly, substantiate the proposed solution convincingly, respond to criticism and objections correctly. One of the advantages of a public presentation is its flexibility. The speaker can respond to changes in the environment, adapt his or her style and material, feeling the mood of the audience.
A written report-presentation requires the manifestation of such qualities as the ability to prepare a text and reread it correctly. Preparation of a written analysis of the case is similar to the preparation of an oral one, but it has one difference. Written reports and presentations are usually more structured and detailed. The basic rule of the written analysis is to avoid simple repetition of information. The information should be presented in a revised form. The most critical thing is the fact that students must show their own analysis of the material presented, their corresponding interpretation and suggestions made. A written report can be created after the oral presentation. It will allow you to analyze all the data obtained during the discussion more thoroughly. Find a successful case study analysis example on the Internet and use it as a template to write your paper.